Cytology

What is cytology? How long will it take for me to get my results?

Regular Process

Cytology is the extraction of small numbers of cells from a suspicious area/body fluid using a needle or a brush. This can be in any part of the body (e.g. cervix, lung, thyroid, breast). The cells are placed in a liquid preservative, spread on a slide, stained and assessed by a histopathologist. If cancer is identified, doctors need to define what kind it is. This may require using additional tests, such as so-called immunohistochemistry. In response to these findings, further tests may again be requested, such as genetic testing as in lung cancer. This is important to determine the best treatment. The whole process takes a number of days.

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    Collection of cytology sample
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    Place in a liquid preservative
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    Immunohistochemistry tests
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    Doctors can request further tests

4D Path Process

4D Path is working towards a solution where cancer type can be identified from the cytology sample without the need for immunohistochemistry. Additional tests can be requested without human intervention. This therefore promises to deliver a faster, reliable, effective and cheaper diagnostic service for cytology diagnoses.

Automated
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    Extracting of cytology sample
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    Automated sample image analysis
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    Automated requests for further tests
Cytology is the extraction of small numbers of cells from a suspicious area/body fluid requiring a diagnosis. This can be in any part of the body (e.g. cervix, lung, common bile duct, thyroid, breast, pelvis). The cells are placed in a liquid preservative, placed on a slide, stained and assessed by a histopathologist (either on glass or virtual slides). Where malignancy is identified, the type of cancer may need to be identified by immunohistochemistry. Further tests may be requested (e.g. genetic testing), which inform subsequent treatment. 4D Path’s technology can not only identify malignant cells from virtual slides, it can also identify the type of cancer, thereby obviating the need for immunohistochemistry as well as generating automated genetic testing requests. This delivers a faster, reliable, effective and cost-effective cytology diagnostic service.