What is cytology? How long will it take for me to get my results?
Cytology is the extraction of small numbers of cells from a suspicious area/body fluid using a needle or a brush. This can be in any part of the body (e.g. cervix, lung, thyroid, breast). The cells are placed in a liquid preservative, spread on a slide, stained and assessed by a histopathologist. If cancer is identified, doctors need to define what kind it is. This may require using additional tests, such as so-called immunohistochemistry. In response to these findings, further tests may again be requested, such as genetic testing as in lung cancer. This is important to determine the best treatment. The whole process takes a number of days.
- 01Collection of cytology sample
- 02Place in a liquid preservative
- 03Immunohistochemistry tests
- 04Doctors can request further tests
4D Path Process
4D Path is working towards a solution where cancer type can be identified from the cytology sample without the need for immunohistochemistry. Additional tests can be requested without human intervention. This therefore promises to deliver a faster, reliable, effective and cheaper diagnostic service for cytology diagnoses.
- 01Extracting of cytology sample
- 02Automated sample image analysis
- 03Automated requests for further tests